<nav id="ggm4k"></nav>
  • 證券代碼:833685 | 證券簡稱:天元信息設為首頁 | 收藏本站
    您所在的位置:首頁 > 測繪工程服務 > 地形圖測繪
    測繪工程服務
    聯系我們

    山東天元信息技術股份有限公司
    地址:東營市東營區南一路228號

    地形圖測繪

    地形測量(topographic survey)指的是測繪地形圖的作業。即對地球表面的地物、地形在水平面上的投影位置和高程進行測定,并按一定比例縮小,用符號和注記繪制成地形圖的工作。地形圖的測繪基本上采用航空攝影測量方法,利用航空像片主要在室內測圖。但面積較小的或者工程建設需要的地形圖,采用平板儀測量方法,在野外進行測圖。

    1)綜述

    地形測量包括控制測量和碎部測量。

    2)控制測量

    控制測量是測定一定數量的平面和高程控制點,為地形測圖的依據。平板儀測圖的控制測量通常分首級控制測量和圖根控制測量。首級控制以大地控制點為基礎,用三角測量或導線測量方法在整個測區內測定一些精度較高、分布均勻的控制點。圖根控制測量是在首級控制下,用小三角測量、交會定點方法等加密滿足測圖需要的控制點。圖根控制點的高程通常用三角高程測量或水準測量方法測定。

    3)碎部測量

    碎部測量是測繪地物地形的作業。地物特征點、地形特征點統稱為碎部點。碎部點的平面位置常用極坐標法測定,碎部點的高程通常用視距測量法測定。按所用儀器不同,有平板儀測圖法、經緯儀和小平板儀聯合測圖法、經緯儀(配合輕便展點工具)測圖法等。它們的作業過程基本相同。測圖前將繪圖紙或聚酯薄膜固定在測圖板上,在圖紙上繪出坐標格網,展繪出圖廓點和所有控制點,經檢核確認點位正確后進行測圖。測圖時,用測圖板上已展繪的控制點或臨時測定的點作為測站,在測站上安置整平平板儀并定向,通過測站點的直尺邊即為指向碎部點的方向線,再用視距測量方法測定測站至碎部點的水平距離和高程,按測圖比例尺沿直尺邊沿自測站截取相應長,即碎部點在圖上的平面位置,并在點旁注記高程。這樣逐站邊測邊繪,即可測繪出地形圖。

    網站首頁 | 關于我們 | 招才納賢 | 在線留言 | 網站地圖
    幸运彩彩票
    <nav id="ggm4k"></nav>
  • xhgx2.com | www.53096666.com | www.c141.vip | www.578811.com | 365788.bet | www.ya499.com | www.52072g.com | ii5443.com | WWW.330869.COM | 26668e.com | www.jjjj55555.com | WWW.660949.COM | 8894vip2.com | www.2021d.com | WWW.706036.COM | 5005g.com | 3957b.com | WWW.400869.COM | 4465i.com | WWW.642624.COM | 11989.com | 632910.com | www.11gpc.com | 0805f.com | WWW.450781.COM | 970816.com | www.xinyc5.com | www.3691n.com | 0234aa.com | WWW.671898.COM | 111122ww.com | www.50051e.com | www.33mgm777.com | 9991779.com | WWW.858574.COM | www.rycp053.com | 21579455.com | WWW.674638.COM | tyc70.com | 129797.com | www.84577.com | 66671c.com | WWW.176825.COM | www.1754e.com | 2257019.com | WWW.23302.COM | www.8313z.com | WWW.880038.COM | www.1434y.com | 3936x.com | WWW.452905.COM | www.7920o.com | 7742zz.com | WWW.698662.COM | www.7366009.com | 32355nn.com | WWW.378526.COM | www.0031331.com | 2543007.com | WWW.203186.COM | www.673888u.com | 6002f.com | WWW.594132.COM | www.241099.com | 407ll.com | WWW.235105.COM | www.5528229.com | 55967l.com | www.596709.com | www.45258.cc | 8577m.cc | 77betbet365.com | WWW.271729.COM | www.jz3688.com | 3379yy.com | WWW.621433.COM | www.hg6833.com | 3513001.com | www.544093.com | www.9928l.com | 2381jjj.com | 888.WF | WWW.826824.COM | www.bwinyz33.com | hc9966.com | www.677474.com | www.2632o.com | alifa978.com | 33331.com | WWW.898364.COM | www.bj1111.com | tz6.com | 89456.com | WWW.336692.COM | www.hh4625.com | yh2014.com | 44992007.com | WWW.160788.COM | www.68365m.com | 294650.com | www.13090.com | WWW.113178.COM | www.60886r.com | 4557.com | 66335003.com | www.715699.com | www.84499z.com | 4165.com | 0198844.com | WWW.563590.COM | www.32031y.com | 502379.com | uc01.cc | WWW.131037.COM | www.176.ag | 6556m.com | 9068qq.com | www.390006.com | WWW.741122.COM | www.56011r.com | 80368e.com | jxf964.com | WWW.25608.COM | www.50051r.com | www.jxcp3333.com | 3750.com | bcylc11.com | www.950606.com | WWW.723323.COM | www.w84s.com | gong111.com | 08159r.com | www.66376u.com | WWW.385844.COM | www.50080y.com | www.55070d.com | 4465d.com | pj5288.com | www.820585.com | WWW.884404.COM | www.367777.cc | www.5049r.com | 371056.com | 77226556.com | www.770640.com | WWW.688838.COM | www.16065m.com | www.79500c.com | 2214d.com | 65560055.com | www.599690.com | WWW.632935.COM | www.77114k.com | www.9170187.com | 61326655.com | 2js345.com | www.777015.com | WWW.554551.COM | WWW.696777.COM | www.15355o.com | www.5981x.com | lxs12333.com | sjg008.com | 66300vip32.com | www.210715.com | WWW.318272.COM | WWW.301292.COM | www.ribo88.com | www.b35ii.com | 588bbb.cc | 37775145.com | 0270098.com | 8522nnnn.com | www.06982.com | WWW.454601.COM | WWW.284678.COM | www.33ckb.com | www.1429.net | www.ttt2848.com | www.9928f.com | 0332x.com | 14683344.com | 87965vv.com | dzc06.com | www.140599.com | www.932779.com | WWW.800714.COM | WWW.169076.COM | www.zfcp8.com | www.xb8899.com | www.12136v.com | www.pj88h.com | 0600s.cc | 1077rr.com | 22nn8331.com | lc99m.com | 4747.com | y7742.com | 88850ff.com | www7893.cc | www.888142.com | www.150961.com | www.401278.com | www.845040.com | WWW.292559.COM | WWW.789214.COM | WWW.899566.COM | WWW.65748.COM | WWW.33309.COM | www.hc8858.com | www.45258.cc | www.16878f.com | www.08588e.com | www.9646z.com | www.7350.vip | www.3522 | www.7886269.com | www.m63568.com | www.56011u.com | www.8577i.cc | www.5677758.com | www.626902.com | www.32326.com | www.4833042.com | www.hg5985.com | www.997287.com | www.560900.com | www.290201.com | www.hb858.cc | www.3978y.com | www.c773776.com | www.473783.com | www.99638l.com | www.68312.com | www.00ttz.com | www.33clf.com | www.qmkl4.com | WWW.111048.COM | WWW.265957.COM | WWW.153288.COM | WWW.450213.COM | WWW.362987.COM | WWW.829740.COM | www.889489.com | www.305388.com | 133888.com | 6446dd.com | 11000.com | sbd030.net | 9068r.com | 7720c.net | js910.net | www.x69096.com | www.7920u.com | www.12455i.com | www.699by.com | WWW.645234.COM | WWW.101286.COM | WWW.521777.COM | www.576411.com | www.1045.com | 11885003.com | c9699c.com | 77992007.com | www.77699.com | www.115527k.com | www.339333.cc | www.7782i.com | WWW.715281.COM | WWW.490821.COM | www.810709.com | www.0649.com.www.0649.cc.www.0649.hk | 88552007.com | 51133uuu.com | yin3333.com | www.06820q.com | www.hb858.com | www.rrle6.com | WWW.666427.COM | WWW.750606.COM | www.345868.com | 4632233.com | 4488fff.com | 1665bb.com | www.8905s.com | www.41518f.com | WWW.586096.COM | WWW.775096.COM | 3589668.com | 0419n.com | fh7.com | www.rycp160.com | www.55676d.com | www.7777ho.com | WWW.630526.COM | www.916270.com | x5505.com | yinhe638.com | 2934t.com | www.z3410.com | www.25688n.com | WWW.479773.COM | www.605733.com | 5446rr.com | 82365x.com | www.19019o.com | www.83993n.com | WWW.318345.COM | www.599464.com | 31782222.com | 2864x.com | www.45598b.com | www.1368t.cc | WWW.384600.COM | talshop.cn | 69096m.com | 15a16.net | www.504446.com | WWW.361164.COM | www.390675.com | 9694k.com | 35252r.com | www.839282.com | WWW.236898.COM | www.962387.com | 20188j.com | 3522w.vip | www.69567i.com | WWW.422727.COM | www.853548.com | dd38648.cc | 518cp-4.com | www.89777g.com | WWW.80779.COM | 18483.com | ll4255.com | www.115527m.com | WWW.573413.COM | www.687198.com | 58802b.com | gg4675.com | www.49956g.com | WWW.654445.COM | 5446gg.com | 3434hhh.com | www.89677.com | WWW.844815.COM | 717jc.com | 8547a.com | www.954321u.com | WWW.898547.COM | 9876blr.com | 76543y.com | www.889601.com | WWW.114323.COM | 89777j.com | 8290.com | www.2109r.com | www.599260.com | 567940.com | www.pjgw99.com | WWW.662508.COM | 607758.com | 2jsuuu.com | www.hg355.tw | WWW.610829.COM | dhygw8888.com | www.bb012.com | WWW.253838.COM | 9464004.com | uu2205.com | www.6832q.com | www.526820.com | 222x2.com | www.9989579.com | WWW.67108.COM | 12772266.com | www.377666u.com | WWW.363964.COM | stsvip9.com | www.ktmrocks.com | WWW.656556.COM | kkk5682.com | www.lfcp096.com | WWW.848775.COM | www.868004.com | 3122p.com | www.sygj9.com | 04013.com | 2418a.com | www.qucp0.com | www.944966.com | 71245.com | www.hx1114.com | 5888.am | 5446uu.com | WWW.797225.COM | 28886508.com | www.4212h.com | WWW.800350.COM | 3550s.com | www.10999i.com | WWW.346261.COM | 73567tg3.com | www.fh6619.com | www.652188.com | jubp8.com | www.1368z.cc | 662229.com | www.k30.com | WWW.497670.COM | 2019e.cc | www.004829.com | www.489770.com | 3002535.com | WWW.257330.COM | 1119964.com | www.55070e.com | WWW.150889.COM | vns8049.com | www.68689s.com | www.499345a.com | www.938r.cc | WWW.197373.COM | 55555gg.cc | www.50732n.com | www.039049.com | www.751cp5.com | WWW.623234.COM | 444000s.com | www.6832y.com | man476.com | www.bwinyz13.com | WWW.246009.COM | q888.tv | WWW.514655.COM | 55881277.com | www.66653j.com | 1591.com | www.77789yh.com | www.397836.com | 78114499.com | WWW.896015.COM | 777818b.com | WWW.501720.COM | 9607x.vip | www.097wy.com | 1463a.com | www.js00858.com | 494049.com | www.9895b.com | www.505162.com | www.mhcp4.com | WWW.836888.COM | 3522zz.com | WWW.49589.COM | 6099333.com | WWW.329433.COM | ff555.com | www.hqcp1.com | oo44442.com | www.54400n.com | 97297x.com | www.js27666.com | www.28269.com | www.820013.com | www.217650.com | www.bwinyz31.com | www.330652.com | www.8967e.com | www.676944.com | www.ggw.99233w.com | www.895465.com | www.c559vip.com | WWW.558060.COM | 58802w.com | WWW.63068.COM | 1484vip2.com | www.960207.com | www.jy878.com | www.862803.com | www.ggr.99233r.com | WWW.227004.COM | 26668c.com | WWW.661018.COM | 7686q.com | WWW.813935.COM | feicai0357.com | WWW.305035.COM | www.5966ppp.com | www.755814.com | www.4212c.com | www.315019.com | www.79095a.com | 121tk.com | www.427786.com | 1331yy.com | www.w983.com | 8988ee.com | WWW.33950.COM | 61324477.com | WWW.77077.COM | www.cp55.com | www.018916.com | www.56011r.com | bet3650759.com | www.9818e.cc | 2222k27.com | WWW.649944.COM | 50099p.com | WWW.511295.COM | www.5981u.com | 823555.com | www.552168.com | 66119193.com | WWW.911960.COM | vipvip9999.com | WWW.684700.COM | www.6664ylg.com | www.5496.cc | www.hg6648.com | tyc9891.com | WWW.252834.COM | 2544b7.com | www.639012.com | www.78680h.com | 3616p.com | WWW.864823.COM | o47479.com | www.703270.com | www.52062t.com | 888898.cc | WWW.536972.COM | 253504.com | www.327836.com | www.81608l.com | 3640y.com | WWW.809593.COM | www.tyc328.com | lhc111.com | www.6832e.com | 13222s.com | www.865807.com | www.hr1833.com | 1654oo.com | WWW.737675.COM | www.xy045.com | 0638.am | WWW.884293.COM | 71245aa.com | www.82799.com | www.3552d.com | 50067b.com | www.703035.com | www.vn888567.cc | 444000kk.com | WWW.642889.COM | www.0099psb.com | 3559w.com | WWW.277758.COM | www.4521s.com | 91019u.net | WWW.258944.COM | www.5981n.com | 313989.com | WWW.8096.COM | www.6880bb.com | dlzzx.com | WWW.112903.COM | www.91779v.com | 57157i.com | WWW.834892.COM | www.280770.com | sss090.com | WWW.665079.COM | www.919699.com | 3550k.com | www.261793.com | www.2373k.com | 922545.com | 1665gg.com | WWW.383050.COM | www.bwinyz35.com | 7599pp.com | WWW.255065.COM | www.d17848.com | 8685050.com | www.55764.com | WWW.384211.COM | www.ck9191.com | 3616t.com | WWW.260192.COM | www.5856876.com | dede58.com | www.51515a.com | WWW.378411.COM | www.4963nn.com | bet3658.com | www.899465.com | www.39500y.com | pj08222.com | 2418h.com | WWW.94521.COM | www.8977800.com | 19880s.com | 3202g.com | WWW.567405.COM | www.588vip.cc | 923130.com | 8522hhhh.com | WWW.664985.COM | www.0601e.com | 7744iii.com | tzvip2019.com | WWW.570739.COM | www.32123y.com | www.934498.com | 1429e.com | www.398411.com | WWW.652165.COM | www.91779f.com | 3667.com | 8449gg.com | WWW.13137.COM | www.4331a.com | 28483000.com | sha9922.com | www.607217.com | WWW.421836.COM | www.820014.com | 00yy8332.com | 2546p.com | WWW.116944.COM | WWW.387768.COM | www.8080999d.com | 2127hh.com | 8742gg.com | www.960207.com | WWW.447349.COM | www.js79905.com | 01885a.com | 5295o.com | www.769289.com | WWW.685484.COM | www.688sb.21.sb | 3136yy.com | 5478w.com | www.106596.com | WWW.590543.COM | www.33588r.com | www.cn365h.com | 3685c.com | 4052s.com | www.307797.com | WWW.905592.COM | www.33112f.com | www.0062737.com | 50299.net | 88188c.cc | www.188712.com | WWW.750563.COM | www.3668s.com | www.7920c.com | 3078d.com | 0198855.com | q5429.com | www.587944.com | WWW.590673.COM | www.9818a.cc | www.88325g.com | 3122r.com | 55888.com | l45638.com | www.240689.com | WWW.277758.COM | WWW.879811.COM | www.6889772.com | www.85857n.com | u01234.com | 1104013.com | 48287777.com | www.689169.com | WWW.897069.COM | WWW.514933.COM | www.yl13444.com | www.4963jj.com | 7989i.com | 2222k05.com | 3136.com | www.51515z.com | WWW.334657.COM | WWW.651005.COM | www.zcwf9.com | www.5856872.com | www.6880ii.com | 4195k.com | 91019a.com | 555666.com | y2516.com | 868681.com | www.506729.com | WWW.61366.COM | WWW.583075.COM | WWW.500856.COM | www.35155k.com | www.siji.ceo | www.80188u.com | www.m9478.com | 112a.net | 4340j.com | 5589o.com | 0015jj.com | buyu.com | 996012.com | www.304110.com | www.959079.com | WWW.36602.COM | WWW.918289.COM | WWW.147654.COM | www.8839f.com | www.4923o.com | www.188611.com | www.5981w.com | www.938968.com | 776071.com | 11kk8331.com | 4329822.com | 5856ccc.com | 1679abc.com | bet365bet365005.com | 55984y.com | 44669193.com | P35p.com | 69446688.com | www.112351.com | 381818.com | www.61233i.com | www.209880.com | www.547077.com | www.799243.com | WWW.531466.COM | WWW.914909.COM | WWW.376646.COM | WWW.747187.COM | WWW.765899.COM | WWW.212248.COM | WWW.671661.COM | www.4tdc.com | www.917gc.com | www.2632g.com | www.5095q.com | www.50080x.com | www.60007b.com | www.83993m.com | www.81233n.com | www.39500j.com | www.33588q.com | www.8839g.com | www.6364c.com | www.3552z.com | www.1035s.com | www.hm6622.com | WWW.222403.COM | WWW.798102.COM | WWW.67775.COM | WWW.335287.COM | WWW.290654.COM | WWW.273226.COM | WWW.513730.COM | WWW.134703.COM | WWW.898579.COM | WWW.622069.COM | www.791561.com | www.348116.com | www.100202.com | 717k.com | jm8.tw | 55331bb.com | 7742rr.com | k14666.com | 84490.com | 923810.com | 11161199.com | www.8967x.com | www.pjgw55.com | www.09738.com | www.66332y.com | www.cha62.com | WWW.36138.COM | WWW.753866.COM | WWW.566571.COM | WWW.677100.COM | www.444956.com | www.444449.com | 7777ag.com | j85686.com | 1592z.com | 0747pp.com | www.28000u.com | www.52062h.com | www.78949d.com | WWW.616569.COM | WWW.215214.COM | WWW.785822.COM | www.223335.com | 6hcc99.com | 713348.com | 67890zzz.com | jixiang16.com | www.89677j.com | www.81608i.com | www.3005x.com | WWW.157808.COM | WWW.688387.COM | www.186796.com | 5001g.com | 3844mm.com | 50099p.com | www.16181s.com | www.4988a.cc | WWW.932888.COM | WWW.267556.COM | www.530396.com | vv8824.com | lehu558.com | 35hh.vip | www.8473g.com | www.hyi682.com | WWW.343201.COM | WWW.549788.COM | www.422888.com | 36502w.com | rr3405.com | www.751cp2.com | www.725603.com | WWW.30803.COM | WWW.446220.COM | www.68568i.com | 7894.cc | dzjgw9999.com | www.055260.com | www.9928n.com | WWW.327972.COM | www.444072.com | 2934o.com | 7605e.com | www.71071u.com | www.68689l.com | WWW.179297.COM | www.799657.com | 315965.com | 8037jj.com | www.5099ss.com | www.77996b.com | WWW.743163.COM | www.hcw778.com | 33432o.com | 2373d.com | www.8866kcd.com | WWW.140072.COM | www.814646.com | bet35365r.com | 00774ff.com | www.466909.com | WWW.468261.COM | WWW.193716.COM | 272e.net | pjfujian.com | www.vns55.me | WWW.718808.COM | www.585868.cc | r8381.com | 08dd.cc | www.046161.com | WWW.717610.COM | www.196050.com | aaa2267.com | www.49.cc | www.60108f.com | WWW.329359.COM | 33313u.com | 73884.com | www.wns33.me | WWW.378848.COM | www.348116.com | 3936x.com | www.28000v.com | www.ban57.com | www.893010.com | 0853dh.com | js456456.com | www.68682g.com | WWW.766542.COM | lj551.com | ambyc5.com | www.80065q.com | WWW.67018.COM | r83377.com | 3434qqq.com | www.49956q.com | WWW.732861.COM | 4880c.com | www.2y929.com | www.3478n.cc | www.901176.com | 12742b.com | www.61130.com | www.hm3222.com | www.558502.com | 0234mm.com | www.00778g.com | WWW.685003.COM | 1235050.com | j1486.com | www.868559.com | WWW.111063.COM | 16630.com | www.30305.com | WWW.555446.COM | www.80075i.com | 44662007.com | www.37377p.com | WWW.910082.COM | 8892958.com | www.c300.cc | WWW.41314.COM | www.86267e.com | 66185a.net | www.91233hh.com | www.976561.com | 3644h.com | www.89155.com | WWW.347654.COM | i3144.com | www.98698e.com | WWW.388969.COM |